10 Facts About the Coffee Plant
By Beth Garrison, CEO
Well, money doesn't grow on trees, but coffee sure does! Here are 10 facts about the coffee plant, that we find fascinating!
1) Coffee grows on trees
The coffea plant is typically pruned back, but can grow pretty high if left to its own growth.
2) Coffee "beans" are really cherry seeds
The coffea plant produces multicolored "cherries" (ranges in color from green to reds to yellow). The coffee "bean" is really the seed of the cherry.
3) Coffee plants do not grow overnight
Coffee plants take a year to grow, and then 5 years to reach its full potential to produce fruit.
4) Coffee plants can outlive humans
Coffee plants can live to be 100 years old, but are most productive between 7 to 20 years of age.
5) Coffee is grown on the "Bean Belt"
Most of the world's coffee is grown and harvested along what is referred to as "The Bean Belt" which lies along the Equator.
6) Coffee's taste is unique to where it is grown
Many variables effect the taste of coffee, from the amount of sunlight, soil, water, and altitude. Coffee grown in the same geographic area can vary greatly in taste from farm to farm based on these variables.
7) Coffee must be dried
Coffee seeds are removed from the cherry through either a dry or wet method. With either method, the wet pulp is removed from the seed and the seed must be dried before it can be milled.
8) There are two types of coffee species
Coffee is made from the seeds of the Arabica or Robusta plants. Arabica is grown in steep terrains and must be cultivated in specific temperatures. Robusta plants make up 30% of the world's coffee and must be cultivated in areas with lots of rainfall.
9) Coffee cherries have two seeds
Well, most of them do. The ones that have only one are considered to be a mutation. This seed is called a "peaberry" and is known for its unique sweet taste.
10) Coffee storage
Coffee loses its freshness almost as soon as it is finished roasting. Coffee's enemy is heat, light, and humidity, so storing your beans in dark, airtight containers is best.
References: National Coffee Association, http://www.ncausa.org/About-Coffee
Have more coffee facts to share? Post them below!